Q. How do I cite and reference an author with a hyphen in their name?
Determining whether a name is a first name or a last name can sometimes be tricky. This page includes examples of last names with multiple parts, and how you should cite and reference them.
Example of author with a hyphenated last name:
Full name: Claude Levi-Strauss
In-text citation: (Levi-Strauss, 2001)
Reference: Levi-Strauss, C. (2001). This is the title.
Full name: Ginny Tweedle Ronson
In-text citation: (Tweedle Ronson, 2018)
Reference: Tweedle Ronson, G. (2018). This is the title. Retrieved from http://www.example.com
Example of an author with a particle in their last name:
Full name: Simone de Beauvoir
In-text citation: (de Beauvoir, 1944).
Reference: de Beauvoir, S. (1944). This is the title.
Example of an author with a suffix in their name:
Full name: Jeanine M. St. Vincent
In-text citation: (St. Vincent, 2014)
Reference: St. Vincent, J.M. (2014). This is the title.
For more examples, visit the APA Style Blog.