Q. How do I cite and reference an author with a hyphen in their name?


Determining whether a name is a first name or a last name can sometimes be tricky. This page includes examples of last names with multiple parts, and how you should cite and reference them.

Example of author with a hyphenated last name:

Full name: Claude Levi-Strauss

In-text citation: (Levi-Strauss, 2001)

Reference: Levi-Strauss, C. (2001). This is the title.


Example of an author with two last names (unhyphenated): 

Full name: Ginny Tweedle Ronson

In-text citation: (Tweedle Ronson, 2018)

Reference: Tweedle Ronson, G. (2018). This is the title. Retrieved from http://www.example.com


Example of an author with a particle in their last name:

Full name: Simone de Beauvoir

In-text citation: (de Beauvoir, 1944).

Reference: de Beauvoir, S. (1944). This is the title.


Example of an author with a suffix in their name:

Full name: Jeanine M. St. Vincent

In-text citation: (St. Vincent, 2014)

Reference: St. Vincent, J.M. (2014). This is the title.


For more examples, visit the APA Style Blog.




  • Last Updated Apr 23, 2020
  • Views 15
  • Answered By Gina Brander

FAQ Actions

Was this helpful? 0   0

Have a Question? Ask Us!

You will receive a response by email within one day.

Your Info
Fields marked with * are required.