How do I reference and cite a PDF?


A PDF is a type of computer file.

  • There isn't one specific way to reference and cite a PDF file because APA does not consider that file type in its reference format.
  • To determine how to reference and cite a PDF file, you have to figure out what kind of document; for example, a webpage, a book, book chapter, or journal article; is contained within the PDF file and use the reference format that matches the publication type.
  • To find out how to reference a type of document, try searching our help!


  • Last Updated May 25, 2024
  • Views 968
  • Answered By Ethan Allard

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