Q. When do I italicize the title in a reference?
If a title stands on its own, the title is italicized. If a work is inside of a container with other works, like a magazine article inside of a magazine, then the container name is italicized instead of the title of the work you have used.
It is not always easy to determine whether a work is inside of something else. Webpages, for instance, are considered stand alone works. The table below, which is adapted form the APA 7 Website, identifies those works that are stand alone, and those that are part of a greater whole.
|Work stands alone (italic title)||Work is part of a greater whole (italic container)|
|Reference works (e.g., whole dictionaries, encyclopedias, diagnostic manuals)||Magazine articles|
|Stories on new websites||Newspaper and newsletter articles|
|Gray literature (e.g., brochures, fact sheets, press releases)||Edited book chapters|
|Ethics codes||Dictionary and encyclopedia entries|
|Conference presentations (except symposium contributions)||Conference symposium contributions|
|Dissertations and theses||Entries in mobile app reference works|
|Unpublished and informally published works (e.g., preprint articles, monographs in ERIC)||TV series episodes|
|Data sets and unpublished raw data||Podcast episodes|
|Software and mobile apps||Songs|
|Tests, scales, and inventories|
|Films, movies, TED Talks, webinars, YouTube videos, whole TV shows|
|Music albums, podcasts|
|Artwork, maps, photographs|
|Social media posts|
|Government reports, annual reports|