Q. When do I italicize the title in a reference?


If a title stands on its own, the title is italicized. If a work is inside of a container with other works, like a magazine article inside of a magazine, then the container name is italicized instead of the title of the work you have used.

It is not always easy to determine whether a work is inside of something else. Webpages, for instance, are considered stand alone works. The table below, which is adapted form the APA 7 Website, identifies those works that are stand alone, and those that are part of a greater whole.

Work stands alone (italic title) Work is part of a greater whole (italic container)
Books Journal articles
Reference works (e.g., whole dictionaries, encyclopedias, diagnostic manuals) Magazine articles
Stories on new websites Newspaper and newsletter articles
Webpages Blog posts
Gray literature (e.g., brochures, fact sheets, press releases) Edited book chapters
Ethics codes Dictionary and encyclopedia entries
Conference presentations (except symposium contributions) Conference symposium contributions
Dissertations and theses Entries in mobile app reference works
Unpublished and informally published works (e.g., preprint articles, monographs in ERIC) TV series episodes
Data sets and unpublished raw data Podcast episodes
Software and mobile apps Songs
Tests, scales, and inventories
Films, movies, TED Talks, webinars, YouTube videos, whole TV shows
Music albums, podcasts
Artwork, maps, photographs
PowerPoint slides
Social media posts
Government reports, annual reports


  • Last Updated May 01, 2021
  • Views 71
  • Answered By Kelley Wadson

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