How do I write 1 or multiple author(s) in a citation?


Citations are written differently depending on how many authors a source has. When a source has more than 3 authors, write the words "et al." after the first author. "Et al." means "and others" in latin.

 Example of a source written by one author (Smith):

. . . (Smith, 2020).

According to Smith (2020) , . . .


Example of a source written by two authors (Smith and Jones):

 (Smith & Jones, 2019).

According to Smith and Jones (2019), . . .


Example of a source written by three or more authors (Smith, Jones, and Reynauld):

. . . (Smith et al., 2018).

According to Smith et al., (2018), . . .


For more information about citing authors in-text, look at the citation rules on our Quick Guide or check out the official style blog.


  • Last Updated May 29, 2024
  • Views 1959
  • Answered By Fiona Dyer

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