Q. How do I cite and reference an entry in a dictionary or encyclopedia?



Last, A. A. (Year). Title of entry. In Name of Dictionary/Encyclopedia. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from https://...

Group Author. (Year). Title of entry. In Name of Dictionary/Encyclopedia. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from https://...


Graham, G. (2019). Behaviorism. In E.N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Summer 2019 ed.). Stanford University. https://plato.standford.edu/archives/sum2019/entries/behaviorism/

Merriam-Webster (n.d). Self-report. In Merriam-Webster.com dictionary. Retrieved November 23, 2019, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/self-report

In-text citations:

(Last, Year).

(Group Author, Year).


(Graham, 2019).

(Merriam-Webster, n.d.).


  • Online reference works are often continuously updated and do not have a date. Use n.d. if no date is given.
  • Dictionaries usually do not have an individual author. Use the group author name instead.
  • Use this FAQ for entires from Gale Encyclopedias and other ebook encyclopedia volumes.
  • For more tips and examples on referencing in APA format, check here
  • For more information on creating in-text citations, check here   


  • Last Updated May 22, 2020
  • Views 1524
  • Answered By Ethan Allard

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