Q. What are the basic elements of an APA reference and in-text citation?


There are 4 pieces to an APA reference. Each one is separated by a period or full stop. An APA reference answers 4 questions about the resource: Who, When, What, Where.

Author. (Date). Title of item. Retrieval information.

There are 2 pieces to an APA in-text citation.

(Author, Date)

For more information, visit the APA style guide:

Basic principles of citation

Basic principle of reference list entries


  • Last Updated Apr 23, 2020
  • Views 168
  • Answered By Fiona Dyer

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